Fibrosis-4 Index, a Noninvasive Fibrosis Marker, Predicts Survival Outcomes After Hepatectomy for Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastases

Colorectal Cancer

Akiyama T, et al. Ann Surg Oncol 2020.


BACKGROUND: Liver fibrosis influences liver regeneration and surgical outcomes, and several noninvasive models based on laboratory data have been developed to predict liver fibrosis. This study was performed to determine whether the Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) index, a noninvasive fibrosis marker, can predict the prognosis in patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) undergoing hepatectomy.

METHODS: This retrospective study involved 193 consecutive patients with CRLM who underwent hepatectomy. The FIB-4 index was calculated by laboratory data and age before hepatectomy and before preoperative chemotherapy. The FIB-4 cut-off was determined using survival classification and regression tree analysis. Patients were divided into two groups (high and low FIB-4 index), and post-hepatectomy overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were investigated.

RESULTS: In total, 193 patients were evaluated. Chemotherapy before hepatectomy was performed in 105 (54.4%) patients. A high FIB-4 index (> 2.736) was found in 39 (20.2%) patients. OS was significantly shorter in patients with a high FIB-4 index than those with a low FIB-4 index in the univariate (45.9 vs. 74.4 months, log-rank p = 0.007) and multivariate analysis (hazard ratio 2.28, 95% confidence interval 1.39-3.74; p = 0.001). Among patients who received chemotherapy before hepatectomy, those with a high FIB-4 index had significantly shorter RFS (6.9 vs. 45.3 months, log-rank p = 0.047) and OS (23.9 vs. 55.0 months, log-rank p = 0.003) than those with a low FIB-4 index. This association was also confirmed by multivariate analysis (hazard ratio 4.28, 95% confidence interval 1.46-12.6; p = 0.008).

CONCLUSION: Both the preoperative and prechemotherapy FIB-4 index can predict long-term outcomes after hepatectomy in patients with CRLM.