Metabolic Parameters as Predictors for Progression Free and Overall Survival of Patients with Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal Cancer
14/07/2020

Nemeth Z, et al. Pathol Oncol Res 2020.

ABSTRACT

We tested the prognostic relevance of metabolic parameters and their relative changes in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) treated with monoclonal antibody and chemotherapy. SUVmax (standardized uptake volume), SAM (standardized added metabolic activity) and TLG (total lesion glycolysis) are assessed with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucosepositron emission tomography and computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) to evaluate total metabolic activity of malignant processes. Our purpose was to investigate the change of glucose metabolism in relation to PFS (progression free survival) and OS (overall survival). Fifty-three patients with mCRC with at least one measurable liver metastasis were included in this prospective, multi-center, early exploratory study. All patients were treated with first-line chemotherapy and targeted therapy. Metabolic parameters, like SUVmax, SAM, normalized SAM (NSAM) and TLG were assessed by FDG-PET/CT, carried out at baseline (scan-1) and after two therapeutic cycle (scan-2). Our results suggested neither SUVmax nor TLG have such prognostic value as NSAM in liver metastases of colorectal cancer. The parameters after the two cycles of chemotherapy proved to be better predictors of the clinical outcome. NSAM after two cycles of treatment has a statistically significant predictive value on OS, while SAM was predictive to the PFS. The follow up normalized SAM after 2 cycles of first line oncotherapy was demonstrated to be useful as prognostic biomarkers for OS in metastatic colorectal cancer. We should introduce this measurement in metastatic colorectal cancer if there is at least one metastasis in the liver.