Zamani ARN, et al. Life Sci 2020.
This study aimed to evaluate the modulatory role of sex-related hormone estradiol on cancer stem cells with the origin of colorectal adenocarcinoma in vitro. Cancer stem cells were incubated with 100 nM estradiol for 48 h. The cell survival rate was analyzed using the MTT assay. Immunocytochemistry staining of Ki-67 and Inhibin and Apoptosis PCR array were done to measure proliferation/apoptosis. Cell migration was monitored via the Transwell Migration assay. The expression of exosome biogenesis
genes was measured using a real-time PCR assay. The fatty acid profile was monitored using gas chromatography. The level of FAK, SQSTM1, ER, and SIRT1 was examined using Western blotting. Cancer stem-endothelial cell interaction was investigated using Surface Plasmon Resonance assay. Data showed no significant differences in cancer stem cell viability and proliferation between control and estradiol-treated groups (p>0.05). PCR array highlighted the up-regulation of both pro- and anti-apoptosis effectors in the treatment group compared to the control cells (p<0.05). Cell migration capacity was increased after treatment with estradiol (p<0.001). Both exocytosis and exosome biogenesis were decreased in cancer stem cells exposed to estradiol (p<0.05). Data showed the reduction of palmitic acid, and increase of Palmitoleic and Linolenic acids in estradiol-treated cells. Estrogen induced estrogen receptor, SQSTM1 proteins and decreased SIRT1 factor after 48 h. Surface Plasmon Resonance revealed the suppression of cancer stem-endothelial cell interaction and affinity. Estradiol could change the migration, juxtacrine and paracrine activities of cancer stem cells, showing the importance of sex-related hormones in the dynamic of cancer development.