LINC00689 participates in proliferation, chemoresistance and metastasis via miR-31-5p/YAP/β-catenin axis in colorectal cancer

Colorectal Cancer

Exp Cell Res. 2020 Jul 16:112176. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2020.112176. Online ahead of print.


As a kind of high-incidence malignant tumors in the digestive tract, colorectal cancer (CRC) has extremely morbidity and mortality in the population. LncRNAs have been proved to regulate the proliferation, chemoresistance and metastasis of tumors including CRC. LINC00689 and miR-31-5p in CRC were found misregulated in CRC by TCGA analysis. However, the mechanism of LINC00689 and miR-31-5p in regulating CRC remains unknown. The expression levels of LINC00689, miR-31-5p and LATS2 in CRC tissues

and cell lines were examined by qRT-PCR assay. Cell proliferation, metastasis (including invasion and migration) were quantified by MTT assay, colony formation and Transwell assay, respectively. Western blotting assay was then performed to verify the levels of YAP/β-catenin and metastasis-related proteins. Dual-luciferase reporter assay and RIP assay were performed to evaluate the interaction between LINC00689 (LATS2) and miR-31-5p. Moreover, the function of LINC00689 and miR-31-5p were confirmed by CRC xenograft in nude mice. LINC00689 was decreased while miR-31-5p was increased in CRC. The overexpression of LINC00689 or the knockdown of miR-31-5p inhibited cell proliferation, chemoresistance and metastasis of CRC cells. Meanwhile, the up-regulated LATS2 suppressed the activity of YAP/β-catenin pathway to repress CRC occurrence. Silencing LATS2 reversed the inhibition effects of overexpression of LINC00689 or knockdown of miR-31-5p on proliferation, chemoresistance and metastasis of CRC cells. LINC00689 indeed acted as a miR-31-5p sponge to inhibit CRC proliferation, chemoresistance and metastasis through up-regulating LATS2 and repressing YAP/β-catenin signaling pathway.