Preclinical study of a new (177)Lu-labeled somatostatin receptor antagonist in HT-29 human colorectal cancer cells

Colorectal Cancer
27/07/2020

Asia Ocean J Nucl Med Biol. 2020 Spring;8(2):109-115. doi: 10.22038/AOJNMB.2020.44432.1299.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Somatostatin receptor-positive neuroendocrine tumors have been targeted using various peptide analogs radiolabeled with therapeutic radionuclides for years. The better biomedical properties of radioantagonists as higher tumor uptake make these radioligands more attractive than agonists for somatostatin receptor-targeted radionuclide therapy. In this study, we tried to evaluate the efficiency of Luthetium-177 (177Lu) radiolabeled DOTA-Peptide 2 (177Lu-DOTA-Peptide 2) as a new radioantagonist in HT-29 human colorectal cancer in vitro and in vivo.

METHODS: DOTA conjugated antagonistic peptide with the sequence of p-Cl-Phe-Cyclo(D-Cys-L-BzThi-D-Aph-Lys-Thr-Cys)-D-Tyr-NH2 (DOTA-Peptide 2) was labeled with 177Lu. In vitro assays (saturation binding assay and internalization test) and animal biodistribution were performed in human colon adenocarcinoma cells (HT-29) and HT-29 tumor-bearing nude mice.

RESULTS: 177Lu-DOTA-Peptide 2 showed high stability in acetate buffer and human plasma (>97%). Antagonistic property of 177Lu-DOTA-Peptide 2 was confirmed by low internalization in HT-29 cells (<5%). The desired dissociation constant (Kd =11.14 nM) and effective tumor uptake (10.89 percentage of injected dose per gram of tumor) showed high binding affinity of 177Lu-DOTA-Peptide 2 to somatostatin receptors.

CONCLUSION: 177Lu-DOTA-Peptide 2 demonstrated selective and high binding affinity to somatostatin receptors overexpressed on the surface of HT-29 cancer cells, which could make this radiopeptide suitable for somatostatin receptor-targeted radionuclide therapy.