Int J Colorectal Dis. 2020 Jul 29. doi: 10.1007/s00384-020-03712-w. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: To analyze whether HBV infection can reduce the risk of colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) in stage 2 colorectal cancer (CRC).
METHODS: The data of postoperative pathological stage 2 CRC patients treated at the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between 2013 and 2015 were analyzed. The patients were divided into an infection group (group A) and a non-infection group (group B). The correlations between HBV infection and CRLM, 5-year liver disease-free survival, and 5-year overall survival were compared.
RESULTS: A total of 884 patients who met the inclusion criteria were included in the study. Group A included 297 patients (33.60%), and 5 patients (1.68%) had CRLM. Group B included 587 patients (66.40%), and 31 patients (5.28%) had CRLM. The results of correlation analysis and logistic regression analysis showed that HBV infection (P = 0.013, HR = 0.29, 95% CI 0.11-0.77) was a protective factor for CRLM, while CEA > 5 ng/ml (P = 0.002, HR = 3.12, 95% CI 1.51-6.47) and hypertension (P = 0.010, HR = 3.50, 95% CI 1.34-9.09) were risk factors for CRLM. Group A had a significantly better 5-year liver disease-free survival than group B (P = 0.011, HR = 0.31, 95% CI 0.16-0.63), but there was no significant difference in the 5-year overall survival (P = 0.433).
CONCLUSION: HBV infection may reduce the risk of metachronous liver metastasis in stage 2 colorectal cancer.