Med Sci Monit. 2020 Aug 1;26:e921886. doi: 10.12659/MSM.921886.
BACKGROUND An increasing number of studies have demonstrated that Streptococcus bovis and its concomitant inflammatory factors concentrate in the intestine in colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the molecular mechanism of S. bovis on colorectal tumorigenesis remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the role of S. bovis in carcinogenesis and its potential mechanism in CRC of mice orally pretreated with S. bovis. MATERIAL AND METHODS The colons of experimental mice were collected and evaluated
for the extent of neoplasm. In addition, comparative feces DNA sequencing was adopted to verify the abundance change of S. bovis during the progression of CRC in patients. RESULTS The results of this study found that S. bovis is more likely to be present at higher levels in patients with progressive colorectal carcinoma compared to those adenoma patients and healthy volunteers (P<0.05). Pretreatment with S. bovis aggravated tumor formation in mice, resulting in more substantial and a higher number of tumor nodes (P<0.05). A cytokine expression pattern with increased levels of IL-6, Scyb1, Ptgs2, IL-1ß, TNF, and Ccl2 was detected in S. bovis pretreated CRC mice (all P<0.05). Furthermore, S. bovis recruited myeloid cells, especially CD11b⁺TLR-4⁺ cells, which could promote pro-tumor immunity in the tumor microenvironment (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Collectively, our study indicates that S. bovis may induce a suppressive immunity that is conducive to CRC by recruiting tumor-infiltrating CD11b⁺TLR-4⁺ cells. In conclusion, S. bovis contributes to colorectal tumorigenesis via recruiting CD11b⁺TLR-4⁺ cells.