E-PASS Scoring System May Be Useful for Prediction of Postoperative Complications in Super Elderly Colorectal Cancer Surgery Patients

Colorectal Cancer
03/08/2020

J Anus Rectum Colon. 2020 Jul 30;4(3):137-144. doi: 10.23922/jarc.2020-017. eCollection 2020.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Japan is facing an aging society. Elderly individuals are generally more prone to comorbidities and have weaker immune defenses, with ominous prognostic implications if postoperative complications arise. The aim of this study was to explore scoring systems for predicting postoperative morbidity risk in super elderly patients (≥85 years old) after colorectal surgery for cancer.

METHODS: A population of elderly patients (n = 145) surgically treated for primary colorectal cancer within our department between April 2007 and December 2018 was examined retrospectively, assessing the capacities of various indices, such as Estimation of Physiologic Ability and Surgical Stress (E-PASS), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS), to predict postoperative complications.

RESULTS: NLR, PLR, and mGPS did not differ significantly in the presence or absence of complications, whereas PNI tended to be lower if complications developed. The E-PASS system showed no group-wise differences in preoperative risk score (PRS), but the surgical stress score (SSS) and the comprehensive risk score (CRS; a composite of PRS and SSS) was significantly higher in patients with complications. Based on the cutoff value calculated from the Receiver operating curve (ROC) for the E-PASS CRS (-0.0580), patients were stratified into low-scoring and high-scoring (HSG) groups. Although not significantly different, the overall survival in the HSG tended to be lower by comparison.

CONCLUSIONS: The E-PASS scoring system may be a useful predictor of postoperative complications in super elderly patients requiring colorectal cancer surgery.