Epigenomics. 2020 Aug 13. doi: 10.2217/epi-2019-0340. Online ahead of print.
Aim: LINE-1 DNA methylation is a modifiable epigenetic process linked to colorectal cancer (CRC). However, studies of methylation in the tissue of interest are limited. This research examines associations between CRC risk factors and LINE-1 DNA methylation in healthy colon tissue. Materials & methods: LINE-1 methylation was measured in colon tissue samples from 317 patients undergoing a screening colonoscopy. Associations were examined with established CRC risk factors including alcohol consumption, smoking, BMI, NSAIDs, physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption. Results: All studied risk factors were not related to LINE-1 DNA methylation in this population. Conclusion: The observed results may reflect that the effect of this set of established risk factors is not mediated through LINE-1 DNA methylation in the healthy colon.