Relationship of Preoperative Serum Uric Acid Level with Survival in Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal Cancer

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2020 Jul;30(7):717-721. doi: 10.29271/jcpsp.2020.07.717.


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic significance of uric acid level in colorectal cancer in addition to conventional factors in terms of survival.

STUDY DESIGN: Observational Study.

PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: At the University of Health Sciences, Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey, between January 2012 and December 2019. Methodology: A total of selected 332 patients, who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer between 2012 and 2019, were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with a history of neoadjuvant therapy due to rectal cancer, GUT disease, renal failure, stage 4 disease, emergency surgery and severe preoperative infection, were excluded from the study. Peripheral blood samples were collected about a week before the operation. Serum uric acid (SUA) values were measured and recorded. Results: The patients comprised 198 males and 134 females with a mean age 62.2 ±11.7 years (14-91) years in total. Conventional surgery was performed in 228 patients, and laparoscopy in 104 patients. Uric acid level, number of pathological lymph nodes, number of pathological lymph nodes/total number of lymph nodes (LNO), perineural invasion, type of surgery and disease stage were found to be factors affecting the prognosis (p <0.05). Uric acid cut off value of 5.3 or higher was found to be statistically significant in terms of survival.

CONCLUSION: Serum uric acid (SUA) value measured preoperatively was found to be a prognostic factor for colorectal cancer. Key Words: Serum uric acid (SUA), Colon cancer, Rectal cancer, Prognostic factor.