Clinicopathological significance and angiogenic role of the constitutive phosphorylation of the FOXO1 transcription factor in colorectal cancer

Colorectal Cancer
24/08/2020

Pathol Res Pract. 2020 Aug 13;216(11):153150. doi: 10.1016/j.prp.2020.153150. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological significance of phospho-forkhead box O1 (pFOXO1) expression and its impact on the angiogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC).

METHODS: We performed immunohistochemistry in 266 human CRC tissues for pFOXO1, and evaluated its cytoplasmic expression, regardless of its nuclear expression. We also investigated the correlation between pFOXO1 expression and clinicopathological characteristics, survival, microvessel density (MVD), and angiogenesis-related molecules in CRC.

RESULTS: pFOXO1 was expressed in the cytoplasm of 100 (37.6 %) of the 266 CRC tissues. Furthermore, pFOXO1 expression was significantly correlated with the left colon and rectum, and with vascular invasion, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, and higher pTNM stage. However, there was no significant correlation between pFOXO1 expression and other clinicopathological parameters. MVD was significantly higher in pFOXO1-positive tumors than in pFOXO1-negative tumors (P = 0.025). Among the angiogenesis-related molecules examined, pFOXO1 expression was significantly correlated with SIRT1 (P = 0.002) and VEGF expression (P < 0.001), but not with HIF-1α expression. pFOXO1 expression was significantly correlated with poor overall and recurrence-free survival rates (P = 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our results showed that the pFOXO1 expression was significantly correlated with aggressive tumor behavior and poor survival rates. Moreover, pFOXO1 expression may affect tumor progression through SIRT1- and VEGF-induced angiogenesis.