Anti-Metastatic Activity of an Anti-EGFR Monoclonal Antibody against Metastatic Colorectal Cancer with KRAS p.G13D Mutation

Colorectal Cancer
25/08/2020

Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Aug 21;21(17):E6037. doi: 10.3390/ijms21176037.

ABSTRACT

The now clinically-used anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibodies have demonstrated significant efficacy only in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), with wild-type Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS). However, no effective treatments for patients with mCRC with KRAS mutated tumors have been approved yet. Therefore, a new strategy for targeting mCRC with KRAS mutated tumors is desired. In the present study, we examined the anti-tumor activities of a novel anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody, EMab-17 (mouse IgG2a, kappa), in colorectal cancer (CRC) cells with the KRAS p.G13D mutation. This antibody recognized endogenous EGRF in CRC cells with or without KRAS mutations, and showed a high sensitivity for CRC cells in flow cytometry, indicating that EMab-17 possesses a high binding affinity to the endogenous EGFR. In vitro experiments showed that EMab-17 exhibited antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and complement-dependent cytotoxicity activities against CRC cells. In vivo analysis revealed that EMab-17 inhibited the metastases of HCT-15 and HCT-116 cells in the livers of nude mouse metastatic models, unlike the anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody EMab-51 of subtype mouse IgG1. In conclusion, EMab-17 may be useful in an antibody-based therapy against mCRC with the KRAS p.G13D mutation.