Br J Cancer. 2020 Aug 31. doi: 10.1038/s41416-020-01042-w. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Regorafenib or trifluridine/tipiracil as third-line treatment have limited efficacy in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC).
METHODS: This Phase 2 trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of irinotecan plus cetuximab rechallenge as third-line treatment in KRAS wild-type mCRC patients who achieved clinical benefit with first-line cetuximab-containing therapy. The primary endpoint was 3-month progression-free survival (PFS) rate. A sample size was calculated; 30 patients with a 3-month PFS rate of 45% deemed promising and 15% unacceptable. Patients with greater and less than the cut-off value of cetuximab-free intervals (CFIs) were classified into the long and short CFI groups, respectively, in subgroup analyses.
RESULTS: Among 34 eligible patients who received treatment at least once, 3-month PFS rate was 44.1% (95% confidence interval, 27.4-60.8%). The median PFS and overall survival (OS) were 2.4 and 8.2 months, respectively. The response and disease control rates were 2.9 and 55.9%, respectively. PFS and OS were significantly longer in the long- than in the short CFI group.
CONCLUSIONS: Irinotecan plus cetuximab rechallenge as third-line treatment for KRAS wild-type mCRC was safe and had promising activity, especially in those with a long CFI, warranting further investigation in a Phase 3 randomised trial.
CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: UMIN000010638.