Phase I Study of the Administration of Low-dose Perioperative Human Atrial Natriuretic Peptide in Patients With Resectable Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal Cancer
03/09/2020

Anticancer Res. 2020 Sep;40(9):5301-5307. doi: 10.21873/anticanres.14536.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this single center, non-randomized, open-label, uncontrolled, interventional trial was to determine the feasibility of continuous administration of low-dose human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP) perioperatively during curative operation for colorectal cancer patients without history of acute heart failure.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included three males and two females ranging from 27 to 70 years old. Continuous intravenous injection of hANP solution was started before surgery. The primary endpoint was safety of hANP administration, and the secondary endpoints were perioperative changes in ANP, b-type natriuretic peptide, electrocardiogram (ECG), and lung function.

RESULTS: The American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status was 1, 2, and 3 in three, one, and one patient, respectively. Grade 2 hypotension was observed in one case. No marked changes were observed between pre- and post-operation in all cases.

CONCLUSION: Perioperative low-dose hANP administration is feasible and safe in patients with curative colorectal cancer.