New advances in the clinical management of RAS and BRAF mutant colorectal cancer patients

Colorectal Cancer

Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2020 Sep 18. doi: 10.1080/17474124.2021.1826305. Online ahead of print.


INTRODUCTION: In colorectal carcinogenesis, genetic alterations in RAS and BRAF oncogenes play an important role for cancer initiation and/or progression and represent a key focus in the search for targeted therapies. Despite many years of research and a great amount of studies, until very recently this pathway was considered extremely hard to downregulate to obtain a significant clinical impact in colorectal cancer patients. But better times are coming with the advent of new promising drugs and

combinations strategies.

AREAS COVERED: In this review we go over the biological characteristics of the MAPK pathway in colorectal tumors, while illustrating the clinical correlation of RAS and BRAF mutations, particularly its prognostic and predictive value. We also present newly data about recent improvements in the treatment strategy for patients harboring these types of tumors.

EXPERT COMMENTARY: With great advances in the knowledge of molecular basis of RAS and BRAF mutant colorectal cancer in conjunction with biotechnology development and the constant effort for improvement, in the near future many new therapeutic options would be available for the management of this group of patient with dismal prognosis.