Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and colorectal cancer: Correlation and missing links

Colorectal Cancer
06/10/2020

Life Sci. 2020 Oct 2:118507. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2020.118507. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the major metabolic diseases that occur in almost one in every four global population, while colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of cancer related deaths in the world. Individuals with pre-existing NAFLD show a higher rate of developing CRC and liver metastases, suggesting a causal relationship. Interestingly, both of these diseases are strongly associated with obesity, which is also a growing global health concern. In this


current review, we will explore scientific findings that demonstrate the relationship between NAFLD, CRC and obesity, as well as the underlying mechanisms. We will also indicate the missing links and knowledge gaps that require more in-depth investigation.