Validation of the Colon Life nomogram in patients with refractory metastatic colorectal cancer enrolled in the RECOURSE trial

Colorectal Cancer

Tumori. 2020 Oct 6:300891620960808. doi: 10.1177/0300891620960808. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: The RECOURSE trial (Study of TAS-102 in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Refractory to Standard Chemotherapies) demonstrated an overall survival (OS) benefit of trifluridine/tipiracil (FTD/TPI) vs placebo in refractory metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Given the limited benefit of later line treatments, we developed the Colon Life nomogram to assess the 12-week death probability in the refractory setting.

METHODS: This post hoc analysis of RECOURSE included patients with available data to calculate the nomogram score: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status, primary tumor resection, lactate dehydrogenase, and peritoneal metastases. The nomogram calibration was assessed by calibration plots and C-index. The nomogram prognostic and predictive ability was assessed by Cox model analyses and the nomogram score predictive value was explored according to the cutoff identified at maximum value of the Youden index in time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve analysis.

RESULTS: Overall, 251 trial patients were evaluable: 90 in the placebo arm and 161 in the FTD/TPI arm. The calibration was optimal in the placebo arm (C-index 0.807) and suboptimal in the FTD/TPI arm (0.657). The cutoff of the nomogram score of 23 showed the best discriminative ability for 12-week OS (hazard ratio 3.46, 95% confidence interval 2.17-5.51 for scores 40 vs 15) and had maximum value of the Youden index (0.381). Median OS and 3-month PFS were 9.0 vs 7.5 months and 39.3% vs 5.2%, respectively, for FTD/TPI vs placebo in the low-risk group (score <23) and 4.8 vs 3.4 months and 22.3% vs 9.8% in the high-risk group (score ⩾23) (interaction NS).

CONCLUSION: The Colon Life nomogram is an accurate tool for estimating life expectancy in refractory mCRC. The benefit of FTD/TPI was independent of the predicted risk of early death.