J Gastrointest Cancer. 2020 Oct 6. doi: 10.1007/s12029-020-00532-7. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: The 1245C>G (rs1052133) polymorphism of human 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase 1 (hOGG1) gene has been indicated to be correlated with colorectal (CRC) susceptibility, but studies have yielded conflicting results. Thus, the present meta-analysis was performed to derive a more precise estimation between hOGG1 1245C>G polymorphism and CRC risk.
METHODS: Data were collected from several electronic databases such as PubMed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases, with the last search up to September 01, 2020. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the strength of the association.
RESULTS: A total of 24 case-control studies with 7010 CRC cases and 10,674 controls were selected. Pooled data showed that the hOGG1 1245C>G polymorphism was significantly associated with CRC risk under three genetic models, i.e., homozygote (GG vs. CC: OR = 1.229, 95% CI 1.031-1.465, p = 0.022); heterozygote (GC vs. CC: OR = 1.142, 95% CI 1.008-1.294, p = 0.037); and dominant (GG+GC vs. CC: OR = 1.162, 95% CI 1.034-1.304, p = 0.011). When stratified analysis by ethnicity, a significant association of the hOGG1 1245C>G polymorphism with risk of CRC was found in the Caucasians, but not in Asians. Moreover, there were significant associations between hOGG1 1245C>G polymorphism and CRC by PCR-RFLP and hospital-based subgroups.
CONCLUSIONS: Inconsistent with the previous meta-analysis, these meta-analysis results revealed that the hOGG1 1245C>G polymorphism might be associated with an increased risk of CRC, especially in Caucasians.