Future Oncol. 2020 Oct 13. doi: 10.2217/fon-2020-0356. Online ahead of print.
The purpose of this research was to investigate the diagnostic and prognostic value of circulating SFRP5 (cSFRP5) in colorectal cancer (CRC). We evaluated preoperative cSFRP5 levels in CRC patients and controls (n = 208). We found significantly higher cSFRP5 levels in CRC patients compared with non-CRC controls (p < 0.001). Levels of cSFRP5 were significantly lower in CRC patients with either vascular invasion (p = 0.001) or liver metastasis (p = 0.016). High cSFRP5 levels were associated with longer disease-free survival in both univariate (p = 0.024) and multivariate (p = 0.015) analyses. Analysis of an independent tissue cohort from The Cancer Genome Atlas database revealed significantly lower SFRP5 RNA expression in CRC tumor tissue compared with adjacent normal mucosa (n = 590 vs 47; p < 0.0001). Our findings confirm the role of cSFRP5 as a physiologic tumor suppressor and demonstrate its potential diagnostic and prognostic value in CRC.