Combination of TAS-102 and bevacizumab as third-line treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer: TAS-CC3 study

Colorectal Cancer

Int J Clin Oncol. 2020 Oct 21. doi: 10.1007/s10147-020-01794-8. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: TAS-102 improved the overall survival of metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with a median progression-free survival (PFS) in the RECOURSE trial. Subsequently, the combination of TAS-102 and bevacizumab was shown to extend the median PFS (C-TASK FORCE study). However, the study included patients who received second- and third-line treatment. Our study exclusively examined patients receiving this combination as a third-line treatment to investigate the clinical impact beyond cytotoxic doublets.

METHODS: This investigator-initiated, open-label, single-arm, multi-centered phase II study was conducted in Japan. Eligible CRC patients were refractory or intolerant to fluoropyrimidine, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin in first- and second-line therapy. TAS-102 (35 mg/m2) was given orally twice daily on days 1-5 and 8-12 in a 4-week cycle, and bevacizumab (5 mg/kg) was administered by intravenous infusion every 2 weeks. The primary endpoint was PFS and the secondary endpoints were time-to-treatment failure, response rate, overall survival (OS), and safety.

RESULTS: Between June 2016 and August 2017, 32 patients were enrolled. All patients previously received bevacizumab. The median PFS was 4.5 months; the median overall survival was 9.3 months. Partial response was observed in two patients. The most common adverse events above grade 3 were neutropenia followed by thrombocytopenia. There were no non-hematological adverse events above grade 3 and no treatment-related deaths occurred.

CONCLUSIONS: This study met its primary endpoint of PFS, which is comparable to the results of the C-TASK FORCE study. The TAS-102 and bevacizumab combination has the potential to be a therapeutic option for third-line treatment of metastatic CRC.