Clinicopathological Characteristics and Outcome of Adolescent and Young Adult-Onset Microsatellite Stable Colorectal Cancer Patients

Colorectal Cancer

J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol. 2020 Oct 20. doi: 10.1089/jayao.2020.0144. Online ahead of print.


Purpose: Colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence is increasing in adults younger than 50 years. This study evaluated clinicopathological characteristics and outcome of adolescent and young adult (AYA)-onset sporadic CRC patients. Methods: Medical records of patients who were diagnosed adenocarcinoma of colon or rectum at Siriraj Hospital between 2007 and 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were classified into two groups: AYA-onset CRC (age 15-39 years) and adult-onset CRC (age >50 years). Associations between sporadic microsatellite stable (MSS) AYA-/adult-onset CRC and clinicopathological features and outcome were evaluated. Results: A total of 203 patients were diagnosed with AYA-onset CRC with no known history of familial CRC syndromes, 119 had data on mismatch repair status; 98 confirmed MSS CRC. AYA-onset CRC patients were commonly found with left-sided rather than right-sided tumors (77.1% vs. 22%) and late stage of disease (80.7% in stage III-IV vs. 19.3% in stage I-II). Compared with adult-onset CRC (218 patients), AYA-onset MSS CRC had more patients with female gender (p = 0.038), perineural invasion (p = 0.003), and signet ring cell/mucinous histology (p = 0.132). On univariate analysis, male gender and mucinous/signet ring cell histology had worse overall survival (OS) (p = 0.004 and p = 0.072, respectively) and remained significant in multivariate analysis for signet ring cell histology (p = 0.008). There was no difference in disease-free survival and OS between both age groups. Conclusions: Sporadic MSS AYA-onset CRC patients were associated with female gender and aggressive pathological characteristics. However, there was no difference in survival outcome between AYA-onset and adult-onset groups.