Significance of fecal hemoglobin concentration for predicting risk of colorectal cancer after colonoscopy

Colorectal Cancer

JGH Open. 2020 Apr 16;4(5):898-902. doi: 10.1002/jgh3.12346. eCollection 2020 Oct.


BACKGROUND AND AIM: As the significance of the quantitative fecal immunochemical test (FIT) in patients who previously underwent a colonoscopy is unknown, this study aimed at investigating the association between fecal hemoglobin concentration and the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC).

METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively analyzed FIT-positive patients who underwent a colonoscopy through our opportunistic annual screening program from April 2010 to March 2017 at the Kyoto Second Red Cross Hospital. We stratified them into no colonoscopy and past colonoscopy (>5 years or ≤5 years) groups based on whether they had a history of undergoing a colonoscopy and analyzed the correlation between fecal hemoglobin concentration and advanced neoplasia or invasive cancer detection in each group. We analyzed 1248 patients with positive FIT results. There were 748 (59.9%), 198 (15.9%), and 302 (24.2%) patients in the no colonoscopy, past colonoscopy (>5 years), and past colonoscopy (≤5 years) groups, respectively. In the no colonoscopy group, the advanced neoplasia detection rate significantly increased with the fecal hemoglobin concentration (P < 0.001). However, no significant trend was observed in the past colonoscopy (both >5 years and ≤5 years) group (P = 0.982). No invasive cancer was detected in the past colonoscopy (≤5 years) group.

CONCLUSION: The risk of CRC might be low even if fecal hemoglobin concentration was high, especially in those who underwent colonoscopy within 5 years.