J Cancer. 2020 Oct 17;11(23):7045-7056. doi: 10.7150/jca.49383. eCollection 2020.
Background: This study aimed to explore the value of controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score in assessing short-term and long-term outcomes of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, and construct CONUT-based nomograms to predict risk of postoperative comorbidities and survival. Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 512 patients from 2012 to 2014. Patients were categorized into low-CONUT and high-CONUT groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine characteristics influencing postoperative comorbidities. Kaplan-Meier survival curve and Cox proportional hazards analysis were used to determine characteristics affecting prognosis. The receiver operating characteristic was used to compare ability of the CONUT score with other immune-nutritional indicators to predict prognosis. Results: Logistic regression analysis suggested that high CONUT score was an independent risk factor affecting postoperative comorbidities (odds ratio, 1.792; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.113-2.886; P = 0.016). Patients with low-CONUT score had longer disease-free survival (DFS) (P < 0.001) and overall survival (OS) (P < 0.001) compared to those with high-CONUT score, especially at the early stage. CONUT score was an independent factor affecting both DFS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.820; 95% CI, 1.204-2.752; P = 0.005) and OS (HR, 1.815; 95% CI, 1.180-2.792; P = 0.007). The area under the curve of CONUT score was higher than for other immune-nutritional indicators. The CONUT-based nomograms had good predictive capability. Conclusions: CONUT score is a strong independent predictor of postoperative comorbidities and long-term outcomes in CRC patients, and might be a better prognostic factor than other immune-nutritional indicators. The CONUT-based nomograms are conducive to the individualized formulation of follow-up strategies and treatment plans.