Perioperative therapy in metastatic colorectal cancer: Pattern of use and survival outcomes

Colorectal Cancer

J Surg Oncol. 2020 Oct 30. doi: 10.1002/jso.26278. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Multimodality therapy of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) is currently considered the standard of care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of perioperative therapy on surgical resection in mCRC.

METHODS: The National Cancer Database was analyzed for affected patients between 2004 and 2013. Univariate and multivariate analyses were done to identify factors associated with patient outcomes. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazards models were used for the association between patient characteristics and survival.

RESULTS: About 61,940 patients with mCRC were identified. Mean age = 63.4 years (SD ± 14). About 69% had a colon primary and 32% had only one metastatic site. Only 49% of those who underwent surgery for both primary and metastatic sites received postoperative chemotherapy (p < .001). Negative prognostic factors included no chemotherapy received (hazard ratio [HR], 2.32; 2.27-2.37; p < .001), more than three metastatic sites (HR, 2.28; 2.09-2.48; p < .001), year of diagnosis between 2004 and 2008 (HR, 1.71; 1.15-1.20; p < .001) and colon tumor location with right worse than left-sided (HR, 1.21; 1.19-1.24; p < .001). Five-year overall survival for resection of the primary and metastatic site (28.2%) was higher than for no surgical treatment (4.7%).

CONCLUSION: Perioperative therapy was associated with improved survival, following resection of metastatic sites or primary tumor.