J Microbiol. 2020 Nov;58(11):967-977. doi: 10.1007/s12275-020-0375-y. Epub 2020 Oct 30.
Lactobacillus plantarum-derived metabolites (LDMs) increase drug sensitivity to 5-FU and antimetastatic effects in 5-FU-resistant colorectal cancer cells (HCT-116/5FUR). In this study, we evaluated the effects of LDMs on the regulation of genes and proteins involved in HCT-116/5-FUR cell proliferation and metastasis. HCT-116/5-FUR cells showed high metastatic potential, significantly reduced tight junction (TJ) integrity, including increased migration and paracellular permeability, and
upregulation of claudin-1 (CLDN-1). The genetic silencing of CLDN-1 increased the sensitivity of HCT-116/5FUR to 5-FU and inhibited its metastatic potential by regulating the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related genes. Co-treatment of HCT-116/5FUR with LDMs and 5-FU suppressed chemoresistant and metastatic behavior by downregulating CLDN-1 expression. Finally, we designed LDMs-based therapeutic strategies to treatment for metastatic 5-FU-resistant colorectal cancer cells. These results suggested that LDMs and 5-FU cotreatments can synergistically target 5-FU-resistant cells, making it a candidate strategy to overcome 5-FU chemoresistance improve anticancer drug efficacy.