Prognostic value of computed tomography-based volumetric body composition analysis in patients with head and neck cancer: Feasibility study

Head and Neck Cancer
16/06/2020

Choi Y, et al. Head Neck 2020.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate whether computed tomography (CT)-based volumetric body composition analysis has prognostic value in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients.

METHODS: This single-center retrospective study included 79 patients with HNC treated with definitive radiotherapy from March 2009 to December 2018. The patients were assessed for (a) weight-based variables and (b) pretreatment and posttreatment CT-based body composition variables. Overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) analyses were conducted using Cox proportional hazards analyses.

RESULTS: Depletion of cervical skeletal muscle volume on presentation was associated with poor OS (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.1; 95% CI = 1.2-7.8; P = .016). Low fat proportions before and after treatment were associated with poor OS (HR = 2.5-3.5; 95% CI = 1.3-9.3; P = .013-.026). In multivariate Cox analysis, increased posttreatment fat attenuation demonstrated the greatest prognostic value for both OS (HR = 4.7; 95% CI = 2.2-10.3; P < .001) and RFS (HR = 4.3; 95% CI = 2.0-9.5; P < .001).

CONCLUSIONS: CT-based body composition analysis has the potential for risk assessment in patients with HNC.