Panigrahi S, et al. Eur J Immunol 2020.
Recent studies have implicated a role for adenosine-dependent immunosuppression in head and neck tumor microenvironments. We describe expression of CD73, an enzyme critical to the generation of adenosine from extracellular AMP, in T cells and other cell types within human head and neck tumors. Flow cytometric analyses of tumor-infiltrating cells indicates that CD3+ cells are the predominant source of CD73 among immune infiltrating cells and that CD73 expression, especially among CD8+ T cells, is
inversely related to indices of T cell infiltration and T cell activation in the microenvironment of head and neck tumors. We provide evidence that CD73 expression on peripheral T cells and levels of soluble CD73 in circulation are correlated with CD73 expression on CD8+ T cells in tumors. Moreover, fluorescent microscopy studies reveal that CD8+CD73+ cells are observed in close proximity to tumor cells as well as in surrounding tissue. In vitro studies with peripheral blood T cells indicate that anti-CD3-stimulation causes loss of CD73 expression, especially among cells that undergo proliferation and that exogenous AMP can impair T cell proliferation, while sustaining CD73 expression. These data suggest that CD8+CD73+ T cells may be especially important mediators of immunosuppression in human head and neck cancer. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.