Impact of IL1R1 polymorphisms on the risk of head and neck cancer in Chinese Han population

Head and Neck Cancer

Tian Y, et al. Gene 2020.


AIM: The incidence of head and neck cancer (HNC) is increasing but its pathogenic factors are complex. Changes in both internal (genetic) and external (environmental) causes HNC to some extent. The purpose of our study was to investigate the influence of IL1R1 polymorphisms on HNC risk in Chinese Han population.

METHODS: Genotypes of 535 HNC patients and 538 healthy controls were analyzed by Agena MassARRAY. Odds ratio (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CIs) were calculated by logistic regression analysis to evaluate the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and HNC susceptibility.

RESULTS: It was found that the rs956730 of IL1R1 reduced the risk of HNC in multiple models (allele: OR = 0.76, 95% CI: 0.62 - 0.93, p = 0.008; codominant: OR = 0.43, 95% CI: 0.25 - 0.75, p = 0.003; recessive: OR = 0.45, 95% CI: 0.26 - 0.77, p = 0.004; additive: OR = 0.77, 95% CI: 0.63 - 0.94, p = 0.01). IL1R1 rs956730 had a protective effect on HNC at age ≤ 46. However, the rs3917225 increased a 1.31-fold HNC risk in the codominant model (OR = 1.31, 95% CI: 1.00 - 1.70, p = 0.03).

CONCLUSION: Our study showed that the rs956730 of IL1R1 gene in Chinese Han population was associated with a reduced risk of HNC, while the rs3917225 of IL1R1 might increase the risk of HNC.