Zhang L, et al. Cell Biol Toxicol 2020.
Lung cancer is a heterogeneous and complex disease with the highest incidence and mortality rate. The present study aims at defining the lung cancer phenome specificity of lipidomic profiles, screening target lipid-dependent transcriptional alternations, identifying target lipid-associated target genes, and exploring molecular mechanisms. Lung cancer-specific and lung cancer subtype-specific target lipids palmitic acid (C16:0) and stearic acid (C18:0) were found as target lipids by integrating
clinical phenomics, lipidomics, and transcriptomics and exhibited antiproliferative effects in sensitive cells. The metabolism-associated gene ACSL5 or inflammation-associated gene CCL3 was identified in lung adenocarcinoma or small lung cancer cells, respectively. C16:0 or C18:0 could upregulate ACSL5 or CSF2 expression in a time- and dose-dependent pattern, and the deletion of both genes led to the insensitivity of cells. Target lipids increased the expression of PDK4 gene in different patterns and inhibited cell proliferation through alterations of intracellular energy. Thus, our data provide a new strategy to investigate the trans-points between clinical and phenomics and lipidomics and target lipid-associated molecular mechanisms to benefit from the discovery of new therapies.