Zhang K, et al. Thorac Cancer 2020.
BACKGROUND: CM082 is a novel angiogenesis inhibitor targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR). The purpose of this research was to evaluate the antitumor activity of CM082 combined with gefitinib on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in vitro and in vivo.
METHODS: The effect of CM082 on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was assessed. In vitro and in vivo efficacy of CM082 combined with gefitinib on EGFR NSCLC cell lines (HCC827 harboring E746_A750 deletion and H3255 harboring L858R) and a xenograft model was evaluated.
RESULTS: CM082 inhibited VEGF-induced cell growth, phosphorylation of VEGFR and downstream signaling molecules, tube formation, and cell migration of HUVECs. Furthermore, CM082 combined with gefitinib was more effective in inhibiting growth and colony formation and inducing apoptosis of H3255 and HCC827 cells in vitro than monotherapy. Moreover, tumor growth inhibition by the combination in a H3255 xenograft model was 107.7% more than that by gefitinib (93.6%) (P < 0.0001) and CM082 (51.4%) (P < 0.0001) alone. In addition, coadministration had a better effect on inhibiting cell proliferation, inducing apoptosis, and inhibiting the expression of CD31 and VEGF-A. The combination therapy had a stronger inhibition effect on STAT3 phosphorylation than monotherapy.
CONCLUSIONS: CM082, a novel angiogenesis inhibitor, enhances the antitumor activity of gefitinib on EGFR mutant NSCLC by inhibiting proliferation and angiogenesis and promoting apoptosis of tumor cells.
KEY POINTS: Significant findings of the study CM082, a novel angiogenesis inhibitor, enhances the antitumor activity of gefitinib on EGFR mutant NSCLC by inhibiting proliferation and angiogenesis and promoting apoptosis of tumor cells. What this study adds These findings justify evaluation of the efficacy of CM082 combined with gefitinib in patients with EGFR mutant advanced NSCLC in clinical trials.