A Flare for the Unexpected: Bone Flare as Response to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Treatment in a Lung Cancer Patient: New osteoblastic bone lesions in a lung cancer patient may represent bone flare and should not be misdiagnosed as disease progression

Lung Cancer

De Bondt C, et al. J Belg Soc Radiol 2020.


We report the case of a 72-year-old female never-smoker with stage IV endothelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutated lung adenocarcinoma. This patient was started on first line tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) and seemingly developed new bone metastases under this treatment. As there was a remarkable discrepancy between the partial response seen in the primary tumor and non-osseous metastatic locations, the possibility of a bone flare phenomenon was considered. In this case report, we

demonstrate that new bony lesions are not always synonymous with disease progression.