Perioperative outcomes of robot-assisted vs video-assisted and traditional open thoracic surgery for lung cancer: A systematic review and network meta-analysis

Lung Cancer

Hu J, et al. Int J Med Robot 2020 - Review.


BACKGROUND: The superiority of robot-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) over video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) and thoracotomy remains controversial for lung cancer.

METHODS: A network meta-analysis (NMA) and pairwise meta-analysis (PMA) were performed to evaluate the perioperative outcomes using 5 databases.

RESULTS: Thirty-two studies involving 6593 patients were included for analysis. The NMA showed that RATS had similar operative time, conversion rate to thoracotomy, number of lymph node, post-operative morbidity and length of hospital stay with VATS, except for lower 30-day mortality. Compared to thoracotomy, longer operative time and shorter hospital stay were observed in RATS, but no significant difference was observed in number of lymph node, post-operative morbidity, 30-day mortality in both NMA and PMA. In lobectomy/segmentectomy subgroup, all outcomes, except for operative time of RATS vs VATS and number of lymph node, were similar with overall analyses.

CONCLUSIONS: RATS had comparable perioperative outcomes with VATS and open surgery. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.