Relationship and prognostic significance between preoperative serum albumin to globulin ratio and CT features of non-small cell lung cancer

Lung Cancer
18/05/2020

Guo X, et al. Eur J Radiol 2020.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to assess the relationship and prognostic significance between preoperative serum albumin to globulin ratio (AGR) and high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) features of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic parameters, laboratory values including AGR and other clinical variables were evaluated in 180 patients with NSCLC, and 72 of these patients had results of radiology parameters detected with HRCT [including emphysema, tumor disappearance rate (TDR), CT values and CT enhanced values of the tumor mass] were assessed for survival analyses. The 72 patients were divided into two groups: normal lung group and emphysema group. The discriminatory values for AGR between these two groups were assessed by Mann-Whitney U test The relationship between TDR and AGR in NSCLC patients was evaluated by Pearson correlation analysis.

RESULTS: In multivariate analysis, TDR (p = 0.033), AGR (p = 0.038), emphysema (p = 0.009), and N stage (P = 0.026) were independent predictors of overall survival (OS). AGR was higher in NSCLC patients without emphysema than NSCLC patients with emphysema (z = -2.979, P = 0.003). TDR demonstrated that there was a positive relationship with AGR (r = 0.307, p = 0.009). A nomogram with AGR, TDR, emphysema, and N stage was established to predict 5-year survival.

CONCLUSIONS: There is a relationship between CT features and AGR in NSCLC. The integrative nomogram combined with CT images, clinical and hematologic features improved survival prediction in NSCLC patients, which offers a non-invasive, comprehensive, and convenient evaluation for individualized management of NSCLC patients.