Wang F, et al. Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi 2020.
Objective: To explore whether combining treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with anti-tumor therapy is better than that of tumor treatment alone in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with COPD in the real world. Methods: The clinical data of 101 patients with advanced NSCLC complicated with COPD from January 1, 2015, to December 31, 2017, in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University were analyzed retrospectively, including 99 males and two females, aged from 52 to 84 years[average (67±8) years]. Among the patients, 90 (89.1%) were smokers, with an average pack-year smoking index of (47±4) . The patients were divided into observation and control groups, depending on whether they received standardized anti-COPD supportive treatment. In the observation group, there were 36 patients, including 35 males and one female, aged from 54 to 84 years[ average (67±8) years], with an average pack-year of smoking (47±4). There were 65 patients in the control group, including 64 males and one female, aged from 52 to 83 years [average (67±8) years], with an average pack-year of smoking 47±4. There was no significant difference in the baseline data between the two groups. The primary outcome measures included the Objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), disease-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) of the two groups. An unpaired t-test was used to compare continuous variables between the observation and control groups. The Pearson chi-square test was used to compare categorical variables between the two groups. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to evaluate the median PFS and median OS of patients, and the log-rank test was used to assess differences between groups. Result: The ORR of the observation group and the control group was 22.6% (7 cases) and 22.2% (11 cases), respectively, with no significant difference (χ(2)=0.01, P=0.971). The DCR between the observation group and the control group was 58.1% (19 cases) and 57.8% (27 cases), with no significant difference (χ(2)=0.02, P=0.889). Median PFS in the observation group was 6.0 months, which was better than the 3.5 months in the control group (χ(2)=3.947, P<0.05). The median OS of the observation group was 18.0 months, which was better than the 15.0 months of the control group (χ(2)=4.083, P<0.05). Conclusions: Compared with the treatment of tumors alone, combination of anti-tumor therapy with anti-COPD therapy showed longer PFS and OS in patients with advanced NSCLC complicated with COPD.