Effect of AGER on the biological behavior of non‑small cell lung cancer H1299 cells

Lung Cancer
29/05/2020

Wang Q, et al. Mol Med Rep 2020.

ABSTRACT

Advanced glycosylation end-product specific receptor (AGER) is a multi-ligand cell surface receptor abnormally expressed in lung cancer, and is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the effect of AGER on the biological behavior of non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) H1299 cell line. A microarray‑based gene expression profiling analysis of the GSE27262 dataset from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database was conducted to identify differentially


expressed genes, which were verified using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The expression of AGER in the normal human lung BEAS‑2B cell line and NSCLC H1299 cell line was examined using reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR. Lentiviral interference and overexpression vectors of AGER were constructed and transfected into H1299 cells using Lipofectamine®. AGER expression and biological properties, including cell viability, apoptosis, migration and invasion abilities, in H1299 cells were investigated using MTT, flow cytometry, wound healing and Transwell assays. AGER was expressed at a low level in NSCLC tissues and H1299 cells (P<0.05). Compared with control cells, AGER overexpression cells displayed decreased cell viability, proliferation, migration and invasion abilities, and significantly increased levels of apoptosis. Furthermore, AGER overexpression increased the expression of Bax and decreased the expression of Bcl‑2 in H1299 cells (P<0.05), and AGER knockdown displayed the opposite effects on H1299 cells. Therefore, AGER overexpression decreased the proliferation, invasion and migration abilities of H1299 cells, and increased apoptosis. The present study suggested that AGER might serve as a potential molecular marker for NSCLC.