The efficacy and toxicity of metronomic oral vinorelbine monotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer: a meta-analysis

Lung Cancer
30/05/2020

Xu K, et al. Int J Clin Oncol 2020.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of metronomic oral vinorelbine monotherapy in patients with stage IIIB/IV and advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

METHODS: The PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library, Wanfang, and CNKI databases were searched for relevant studies. The overall response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and incidence of severe adverse events (grade ≥ 3 adverse events; grade 3/4 AEs) were calculated using the methods of merging ratios and means. Merged ratios and means and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to descriptively analyze the efficacy and toxicity of metronomic oral vinorelbine monotherapy in patients with stage IIIB/IV and advanced NSCLC.

RESULTS: The ORR and DCR achieved with metronomic oral vinorelbine monotherapy were 12% (95% CI 5-20) and 48% (95% CI 38-59), respectively. Median PFS and OS were 3.46 months (95% CI 2.49-4.43) and 8.22 months (95% CI 7.21-9.24), respectively. The incidence of grade 3/4 AEs was 16% (95% CI 10-22). The more common grade 3/4 AEs were neutropenia 9% (95% CI 2-20) and leukopenia 8% (95% CI 1-19).

CONCLUSION: Metronomic oral vinorelbine monotherapy has a certain effect on patients with stage IIIB/IV and advanced NSCLC, especially for untreated elderly patients. It offers the advantages of convenience, lower cost and acceptable incidence of severe adverse events.