Sato S, et al. Surg Today 2020.
PURPOSE: The best surgical approach for second primary lung cancer remains a subject of debate. The purpose of this study was to review the postoperative complications after second surgery for second primary lung cancer and to investigate the outcomes based on these complications.
METHODS: The clinical data of 105 consecutive patients who underwent pulmonary resection for multiple primary lung cancers between January, 1996 and December, 2017, were reviewed according to the Martini-Melamed criteria.
RESULTS: After the second surgery, low body mass index (BMI) (< 18.5 kg/m2) (P = 0.004) and high Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) (P = 0.002) were independent predictors of postoperative complications. Survival analysis revealed the 5-year overall survival rates of 74.5% and 61.4% for patients without postoperative complications and those with postoperative complications (P = 0.044), respectively, but the 5-year cancer-specific survival rates of 82.5% and 80.0% (P = 0.926), respectively. During this period, there were significantly more respiratory-related deaths of patients with complications than of those without complications (P = 0.011).
CONCLUSION: Surgical intervention is feasible and potentially effective for second primary lung cancer but may not achieve positive perioperative and long-term outcomes for patients with a low BMI or a high CCI. Treatment options should be considered carefully for these patients.