Chen S, et al. PeerJ 2020.
BACKGROUND: Sublobar resection (SLR) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) are the two minimally invasive procedures performed for treating stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study aimed to compare SLR and RFA for the treatment of stage I NSCLC using the meta-analytical method.
METHODS: We searched PubMed and Embase for articles published till December 2019 to evaluate the comparative studies and assess the survival and progression-free survival rates and postoperative complications (PROSPERO registration number: CRD42018087587). A meta-analysis was performed by combining the outcomes of the reported incidences of short-term morbidity and long-term mortality. The fixed or random effects model was utilized to calculate the pooled odds ratios (OR) and the 95% confidence intervals.
RESULTS: Four retrospective studies were considered in the course of this study. The studies included a total of 309 participants; 154 were assigned to the SLR group, and 155 were assigned to the RFA group. Moreover, there were statistically significant differences between the one- and three-year survival rates and one- and three-year progression-free survival rates for the two groups, which were in favor of the SLR group. Among the post-surgical complications, pneumothorax and pleural effusion were more common for the SLR group, while cardiac abnormalities were prevalent in the RFA group. There was no difference in prevalence of hemoptysis between SLR and RFA groups, which might be attributed to the limited study sample size.
CONCLUSION: Considering the higher survival rates and disease control in the evaluated cases, surgical resection is the preferred treatment method for stage I NSCLC. RFA can be considered a valid alternative in patients not eligible for surgery and in high-risk patients as it is less invasive and requires shorter hospital stay.