Downregulation of KIAA1199 by miR-486-5p suppresses tumorigenesis in lung cancer

Lung Cancer
10/06/2020

Wang A, et al. Cancer Med 2020.

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the primary cause of death among cancer patients in China, among which nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) makes up the great majority. Hence, it is imperative to identify the biomarkers and mechanisms involved in NSCLC oncogenesis. Our present research found that KIAA1199 expression was significantly increased in NSCLC and closely related to cell proliferation, motility, and poor prognosis. We demonstrated that knockdown of KIAA1199 reduced NSCLC cell growth and motility in vitro


whereas overexpression of KIAA1199 had the opposite effect. Inhibition of KIAA1199 significantly suppressed tumor growth in mouse NSCLC xenograft models. Mechanistically, as an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-binding protein, KIAA1199 promotes EGFR signaling and regulates EGFR-dependent Src, Erk, and Akt phosphorylation, as well as downstream kinases in the EGF-mediated EMT pathway. We demonstrated that KIAA1199 can function as a direct binding target for miR-486-5p and that miR-486-5p overexpression can attenuate proliferation and migration of NSCLC cells via regulating the EGFR signaling pathways. To conclude, our results defined KIAA1199 as an oncogenic protein that promotes cancer cell proliferation and migration by regulating EGF-mediated signaling pathways. This study provided new insight into NSCLC oncogenesis, which could lead to the development of innovative therapeutic plans for NSCLC.