Immunotherapy in non-small-cell lung cancer: from targeted molecules to resistance patterns

Lung Cancer
22/06/2020

Brassart-Pasco S, et al. Pharmacogenomics 2020.

ABSTRACT

Immunotherapies are now considered as a pillar of non-small-cell lung cancer treatment. The main targets of immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) are programmed cell death 1/programmed cell death ligand 1 and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4, aiming at restoring antitumor immunity. Despite durable responses observed in some patients, all patients do not benefit from the treatment and almost all responders ultimately relapse after some time. In this review, we discuss the biomarkers that could be


used to predict response to ICI, the current indications of ICI in non-small-cell lung cancer, the mechanisms inducing tumor-cell intrinsic or extrinsic resistance to ICI and finally, the potential treatment response monitoring.