Linc00703 suppresses non-small cell lung cancer progression by modulating CyclinD1/CDK4 expression

Lung Cancer
23/06/2020

Sun HB, et al. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to detect the expression of linc00703 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and to explore the biological function and potential molecular mechanism of linc00703 in NSCLC using in vitro experiments.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The carcinoma tissues and para-carcinoma tissues were collected from 32 patients diagnosed with NSCLC, from which the RNA was extracted. The relative expression of linc00703 in NSCLC tissues was detected via quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The NSCLC cells and normal human bronchial epithelial cells were selected, in which the relative expression of linc00703 was determined via qRT-PCR. Next, the linc00703 overexpression plasmids were designed and synthesized, and then transiently transfected into NSCLC cells. After 48 h, the overexpression efficiency was detected. Finally, the changes in cell proliferation, apoptosis, cycle distribution and expressions of downstream molecular markers were determined using cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay, colony formation assay, flow cytometry and Western blotting, respectively, after overexpression of linc00703 in NSCLC cells.

RESULTS: The results of qRT-PCR revealed that the expression of linc00703 was down-regulated by 5.14 times on average in 29 out of 32 cases of NSCLC tissues, and it was also down-regulated in NSCLC cells. Besides, it was found through CCK-8 assay, colony formation assay and flow cytometry that after overexpression of linc00703 in NSCLC cells, the cell proliferation was inhibited, the apoptosis was enhanced, and the cell cycle was arrested in G1/G0 phase. Furthermore, the results of Western blotting showed that after overexpression of linc00703, the protein expressions of cyclinD1 and cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) declined, while those of cyclinE1 and CDK2 did not change.

CONCLUSIONS: The expression of linc00703 is down-regulated in NSCLC, and it suppresses the occurrence and development of NSCLC via mediating the expression of cyclinD1/CDK4.