Cushing syndrome cardiomyopathy: an unusual manifestation of small-cell lung cancer

Lung Cancer
24/06/2020

Pingle SR, et al. ESC Heart Fail 2020.

ABSTRACT

Cushing syndrome is a rare cause of dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. Cases describing this association are scarce. We describe a patient presenting with acute heart failure, new cardiomyopathy, refractory hypokalaemia, severe hyperglycaemia, and uncontrolled hypertension who was found to have hypercortisolism secondary to an ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone-secreting primary lung neoplasm. This case highlights the effects of hypercortisolism on the


myocardium. The finding of a non-dilated cardiomyopathy in this case is unique because the majority of previously reported Cushing syndrome cardiomyopathy cases have described left ventricular dilatation or significant left ventricular hypertrophy. In addition, small-cell lung cancer with adrenocorticotropic hormone production causing Cushing syndrome cardiomyopathy is rare.