Gao L, et al. Medicine (Baltimore) 2020.
BACKGROUND: The operation of lung cancer may squeeze the tumor and further promote the spread of tumor cells to the circulation, which may be one of the reasons for the metastasis and recurrence of lung cancer. The potential risk of tumor cell dissemination can theoretically be minimized if the effluent veins were ligated first (via the vein-first [V-first] technique), instead of having the artery ligated first (via the artery-first [A-first] technique). However, this technical concept has not yet been widely accepted as a standard of surgical oncology in current guidelines owing to a lack of sufficient evidence. This systematic review and meta-analysis will be performed to determine which technique during lobectomy will achieve longer patient survival and be more beneficial for patients.
METHODS: We will search PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Cancerlit, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Google Scholar databases for relevant clinical trials published in any language before October 1, 2020. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), quasi-RCTs, propensity score-matched comparative studies, and prospective cohort studies of interest, published or unpublished, that meet the inclusion criteria will be included. Subgroup analysis of the type of operation, tumor pathological stage, and ethnicity will be performed. INPLASY registration number: INPLASY202050060.
RESULTS: The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal.
CONCLUSION: As far as we know, this study will be the first meta-analysis to compare the efficacy of the vein-first and artery-first surgical technique of lobectomy for patients diagnosed with resectable non-small cell lung cancer. Due to the nature of the disease and intervention methods, randomized controlled trials may be inadequate, and we will carefully consider inclusion in high-quality, non-randomized controlled trials, but this may result in high heterogeneity and affect the reliability
of the results.