High Biologically Effective Dose Radiotherapy for Brain Metastases May Improve Survival and Decrease Risk for Local Relapse Among Patients With Small-Cell Lung Cancer: A Propensity-Matching Analysis

Lung Cancer
03/07/2020

Zhuang QY, et al. Cancer Control 2020.

ABSTRACT

To evaluate whether high biologically effective dose (BED) radiotherapy improves local control and survival outcomes for patients with brain metastases (BMs) from small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) and to determine possible prognostic factors. From January 1998 to June 2018, 250 patients with BM from SCLC were retrospectively analyzed. The Cutoff Finder program was used to classify patients by BED. Overall survival (OS) and BM progression-free survival (BM-PFS) were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier


method and log-rank test. A Cox regression model was used to calculate the hazard ratio and 95% CI for prognostic factors for OS among the study population and propensity score (PS)-matched patients. A BED of 47.4 was taken as the optimal cutoff value. Both OS and BM-PFS were significantly improved in the high-BED (>47.4 Gy) than in the low-BED (≤47.4 Gy) group (median OS: 17.5 months vs 9.5 months, P < .001, median BM-PFS: 14.4 months vs 8.3 months, P < .001). Biologically effective dose (P < .001), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (P = .047), smoking (P = .005), and pleural effusion (P = .004) were independent prognostic factors for OS. Propensity score matching with a ratio of 1:2 resulted in 57 patients in the high-BED group and 106 patients in the low-BED group. In the PS-matched cohort, OS and BM-PFS were significantly prolonged in the high-BED group compared with the low-BED group (P < .001). Biologically effective dose >47.4 Gy improves survival among patients with BM from SCLC. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score, smoking, and pleural effusion independently affect OS of SCLC patients with BM.