Incidence of hippocampal metastases in non-small-cell lung cancer

Lung Cancer
06/07/2020

Ly S, et al. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2020.

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Patients with locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC) develop brain metastases in 25-50% of cases during the course of their disease. Data on the incidence of metastases occurring in the hippocampus/perihippocampal zones are limited. This is important when considering hippocampal-sparing brain radiation (HS-BR), a method that could potentially reduce the neurocognitive impact of such treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of hippocampal/perihippocampal metastases in a cohort of patients with advanced NSCLC treated at our institution.

METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included NSCLC patients discussed at our institutional lung cancer multidisciplinary meeting between 2000 and 2016. MRI and contrast-enhanced CT (ceCT) brain images were reviewed to assess the incidence of hippocampal/perihippocampal metastases including metastases within the hippocampal subgranular zone and a 5 mm margin (hippocampal avoidance region) defined as per the RTOG 0933 study.

RESULTS: Of 2146 patients reviewed, 357 (16.6%) had brain metastases. A total of 335 patients had available MRI/ceCT brain images for review. Thirty (9%) patients had brain metastases in the hippocampal avoidance region, 8 (2.4%) with hippocampal metastases and 22 (6.6%) with perihippocampal metastases. Univariate analyses did not show an association between developing metastases in the hippocampal avoidance region and age (P = 0.75), gender (P = 0.91) and tumour type (P = 0.298).

CONCLUSION: The incidence of metastases in the hippocampal avoidance region in our large cohort of patients was 9%. With low rates of metastases in this region, HS-BR can be considered a feasible option in the management of patients with advanced NSCLC.