Guo S, et al. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2020.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expressions of miR-151a-5p and miR-23b in lung cancer tissues and their effects on the biological functions of lung cancer A549 cells.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Samples of lung cancer tissue (55 cases) and pericarcinomatous tissue (55 cases) were collected in thoracic surgery in our hospital from May 2017 to November 2018. The expression levels of miR-151a-5p and miR-23b in lung cancer tissues and pericarcinomatous tissues were detected by RT-PCR. Lung cancer cells A549 were transfected. Before transfection, the cells were divided into a negative control group (NC group, transfected with miRNA NC), a group transfected with miR-151a-5p inhibitor and a group transfected with miR-23b inhibitor. MTS Cell Proliferation Colorimetric Assay Kit (CCK8) was used to detect cell proliferation and draw the growth curve. Transwell chamber was used to detect the invasion ability in vitro, and BD flow cytometry was used to detect apoptosis in each group.
RESULTS: The expression levels of miR-151a-5p and miR-23b in lung cancer tissues were significantly higher than those in pericarcinomatous tissues (p<0.001). After 48 h to 72 h, the cell growth of both the miR-151a-5p inhibitor group and the miR-23b inhibitor group was significantly lower than that of the NC group (p<0.001). The numbers of invasion of miR-151a-5p inhibitor group and miR-23b inhibitor group were significantly lower than that of NC group (p<0.00). The apoptosis rates of miR-151a-5p inhibitor group and miR-23b inhibitor group were significantly higher than that of NC group (p<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Both miR-151a-5p and miR-23b are highly expressed in lung cancer, and the inhibition of miR-151a-5p and miR-23b can restrain the proliferation, invasion and migration of lung cancer A549 cells, thereby promoting the apoptosis of lung cancer A549 cells.