The Effect of Knockdown TIGAR on Apoptotic and Epithelial-Mesenchymal Markers Expression in Doxorubicin-Resistant Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer A549 Cell Line

Lung Cancer
09/07/2020

Ağca C, et al. Chem Biodivers 2020.

ABSTRACT

Resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs is a critical problem in cancer therapy, but the underlying mechanism has not been fully elucidated. TP53-induced glycolysis regulatory phosphatase (TIGAR), an important glycolysis and apoptosis regulator, plays a crucial role in cancer cell survival by protecting cells against oxidative stress-induced apoptosis. In the present study, we investigated whether TIGAR is involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in doxorubicin (DOX)-resistant human


non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), A549/DOX cells. We found that the expression of TIGAR was significantly higher in A549/DOX cells than in the parent A549 cell lines. siRNA-mediated TIGAR knockdown reduced migration, viability and colony survival of doxorubicin-resistant lung cancer cells. Also, TIGAR knockdown decreased pro-survival protein Bcl-2 and increased pro-apoptotic Bax and cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Moreover, TIGAR depletion significantly up-regulated both caspase-3 and caspase-9 expression. Furthermore, TIGAR depletion up-regulated the expression of E-cadherin and down-regulated the expression of vimentin. These results indicate that TIGAR knockdown may inhibits EMT in doxorubicin (DOX)-resistant human NSCLC and may represent a therapeutic target for a non small lung cancer cells chemoresistance.