Comparison of the Short- and Long-term Outcomes of Video-assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery versus Open Thoracotomy Bronchial Sleeve Lobectomy for Central Lung Cancer: A Retrospective Propensity Score Matched Cohort Study

Lung Cancer
09/07/2020

Yang Y, et al. Ann Surg Oncol 2020.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short- and long-term outcomes of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) versus open thoracotomy bronchial sleeve lobectomy (BSL) for patients with central lung cancer.

METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study. Perioperative outcomes and long-term survival of patients who underwent VATS versus open thoracotomy BSL for central lung cancer from June 2010 and June 2018 in the Western China Lung Cancer Database were compared using propensity score matching (PSM) between the two surgical approaches.

RESULTS: The retrospective study included 187 patients who divided into VATS group (n = 44) and open group (n = 143) according to surgical approach, and PSM resulted in 43 patients in each group, which were well matched by 11 potential prognostic factors. The VATS group was associated with lower overall incidence of postoperative complications (20.3% vs. 30.2%, P = 0.029), less postoperative drainage (875 ml [250-3960] vs. 1280 ml [100-4890], P = 0.039). The 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were comparable between the VATS and open groups (55.9% vs. 65.2% P = 0.836 and 54.1% vs. 60.2% P = 0.391, respectively) after matching. Multivariable adjusted analysis demonstrated that the surgical approach was not an independent favorable prognostic factor for OS (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.922; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.427-1.993; P = 0.836) but just the pTNM stage (HR = 2.003; 95% CI 1.187-3.382; P = 0.009).

CONCLUSIONS: VATS BSL may achieve equivalent long-term outcomes for central lung cancer patients when comparing with open thoracotomy. Although slightly longer duration of surgery, VATS approach may be a feasible option for lung cancer patients requiring BSL.