Matsui A, et al. Cancer Invest 2020.
In advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the reported incidence of febrile neutropenia (FN) caused by docetaxel (DTX) is 10-20% in clinical trial data. However, FN incidence caused by DTX in real-world setting remains unclear. We evaluated FN incidence caused by DTX and identify risk factors of FN in real-world setting. 171 NSCLC patients treated with DTX were retrospectively analyzed and 44 (26%) developed FN. Multivariate analysis identified higher age (≥65 years) and prior history of
FN as independent risk factors for FN. Primary prophylaxis for FN might be recommended in elderly patients with/without prior history of FN.