ASTRIS, a large real-world study to evaluate the efficacy of osimertinib in epidermal growth factor receptor T790M mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients: Clinical characteristics and genotyping methods in a Spanish cohort

Lung Cancer

Vicente-Baz D, et al. Rev Esp Patol 2020.


PURPOSE: Osimertinib has proven efficacy in EGFR T790M mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients; however, its benefits have not been evaluated in a real-world setting.

METHODS: ASTRIS is a single-arm, open-label, multinational study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of osimertinib for the treatment of EGFR T790M mutation-positive NSCLC. We present the study design and preliminary cut-off analysis results (as of October 2017) describing the baseline characteristics and methodology for T790M mutation detection in the Spanish cohort.

RESULTS: The Spanish cohort included 131 patients from a total 3014 patients. Forty patients (28.1%) were still undergoing therapy at the time of cut-off; 68.7% were women and 97.7% were Caucasian, with a mean age of 64.8 (SD 11.7) years. The most common type of sample for evaluating T790M mutations was tissue (55.0%), and samples were obtained from the primary tumor in 61.1% of cases. Mutation analysis was performed by the local laboratory in 60.3% of cases and using the Roche CobasĀ® EGFR assay in 43.5% of cases.

CONCLUSIONS: ASTRIS is expected to confirm the benefits of osimertinib in a real-world setting. Data on real-world practices for the detection of the EGFR T790M mutation may provide additional information for the designing of guidelines for best practices.